The Company adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases, on January 1, 2019. Accounting Standards Codification Topic 842, Leases (“ASC 842”) amends previous lease guidance under ASC 840 by requiring the recognition of all leases, including operating leases, on the balance sheet as right of use asset (“ROU”) and the present value (“PV”) lease liability, as well as disclosing key information about the lease arrangements. The Company elected to adopt ASC 842 using the modified retrospective transition approach using the effective date method, which results in the recognition of lease assets and liabilities as of the beginning of the period of adoption without requiring restatement of the prior period financials presented, so comparable periods presented in the Consolidated Financial Statements prior to January 1, 2019 continue to be presented under ASC 840.
At adoption, the Company elected the package of practical expedients in the guidance which consists of not reassessing whether any expired or existing contracts contain leases, not reassessing the lease classification for any expired or existing leases and not reassessing initial direct costs for any existing leases. The Company, however, did not elect the separate hindsight practical expedient.
Since most of the Company’s operating lease contracts do not provide an implicit rate, the Company made a policy election to use an incremental borrowing rate applicable to the geographic location of the leased asset and based on the remaining lease term in determining the present value of future minimum lease payments for purposes of recognizing a lease liability and corresponding ROU asset. Additionally, the Company made an accounting policy election to not recognize an ROU asset and lease liability for short-term leases with an initial term of 12 months or less.
The Company has various lease agreements for office space and land which are classified as operating leases and for equipment which is classified as finance leases. The operating lease agreements typically contain lease and non-lease components, which are accounted for separately since the Company is able to easily identify the applicable lease components. Lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease, which are factored into the recognition of ROU assets and lease liabilities when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. The Company does not have any lease agreements whose payments are variable in nature (i.e. leases based on an index). Lease costs for operating leases, including short-term leases, are recognized over the lease term on a straight-line basis.
On January 1, 2019, the Company recorded both operating lease ROU assets of $93.2 million and lease liabilities of $139.2 million. The difference between the asset and liability primarily relates to previously recorded deferred rent, unfavorable acquired lease obligations and lease exit costs. The adoption of ASC 842 had an immaterial impact on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) and Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2019.
The table below presents the Company’s leased assets and related lease liabilities (in millions):
March 31, 2019
Operating lease assets
Other long-term assets
Finance lease assets
Property, equipment and software-net
Finance lease assets
Other current liabilities
Current maturities of finance lease obligations
Other non-current liabilities
Finance lease obligations