As a result of the changes in ownership interests in Worldpay Holding, periodic adjustments are made in order to reflect the portion of net assets of Worldpay Holding attributable to non-controlling unit holders based on changes in the proportionate ownership interests in Worldpay Holding during those periods. At March 31, 2019, an adjustment of $347.4 million was made relating to Fifth Third’s conversion of its remaining Class B units in Worldpay Holding.
The table below provides a reconciliation of net income attributable to non-controlling interests based on relative ownership interests as discussed above (in millions):
Three Months Ended March 31,
Net income (loss)
Items not allocable to non-controlling interests:
Worldpay, Inc. expenses (1)
Worldpay Holding net income (loss)
Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests of Fifth Third (2)
Net income attributable to joint venture non-controlling interest (3)
Total net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests
three months ended March 31, 2019. Primarily represents acquisition related expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2018.
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company uses the hierarchy prescribed in ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, based upon the available inputs to the valuation and the degree to which they are observable or not observable in the market. The three levels in the hierarchy are as follows:
Level 1 Inputs—Quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that are accessible as of the measurement date.
Level 2 Inputs—Inputs other than quoted prices within Level 1 that are observable either directly or indirectly, including but not limited to quoted prices in markets that are not active, quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities and observable inputs other than quoted prices such as interest rates or yield curves.
Level 3 Inputs—Unobservable inputs reflecting the Company’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk.